3.6 Time Spent for Reading
The participants reported approximately how much time they spent reading per week. The Japanese summary writing group spent the least amount of time reading books in English (Table 10), and the Correction group devoted the most time to reading. This result is consistent with results regarding the number of pages read.
Table 10. Descriptive Statistics for Hours Spent on Reading per Week and Total Hours
3.7 Time Spent for Writing
The English summary group reported that they spent about 2.2 hours per week the first and second semesters and 1.78 hours per week the third semester writing summaries. Participants in the Correction group reported that they spent about 2 hours per week the first and second semester and 2.53 hours per week the third semester doing the same task (Table 11). If their reports are accurate, multiplying the number of hours by the total number of weeks in the three semesters (45 weeks) means that both the English Summary and Correction groups spent about 100 hours writing and rewriting in English, while the Japanese summary writing group spent no time writing in English.
Table 11. Reported Hours Spent per Week Writing Summaries in English
|Group||1st & 2nd (n)||3rd (n)||Total|
|ESG||2.20 (20)||1.78||92.75 (45 weeks)|
|Correction||1.99 (35)||2.53||97.58 (45 weeks)|
The Correction group spent a total of about 300 hours (297.51) reading and writing and the English summary group spent about 260 hours (259.98), while the Japanese summary group spent about 151 hours (150.750) reading and no time writing in English.